EU Issues New Regulation on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds that are resistant to environmental degradation through chemical, biological, and photolytic processes. Because of their persistence, POPs bioaccumulate with potential adverse impacts on human health and the environment. The effect of POPs on human and environmental health was discussed, with intention to eliminate or severely restrict their production, by the international community at the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants in 2001.The European Union (EU) then established (EC) No. 850/2004 Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation stipulating restriction and elimination of POPs in the EU.
On June 25, 2019, the European Union issued the New Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Regulation (EU) 2019/1021, which will come into force on July 15, 2019. The previous regulation (EC) No 850/2004 will be recast.
The major changes are as follows:
- Definitions for wordings such as “marketing”, “goods”, “substance”, “mixture”, etc. will be aligned with EU REACH Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 and EU Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC
- The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) will provide support to the European Commission and its member states for substance list management and market supervision
- Requirement updates for:
- Decabromodiphenyl ether (decaBDE); cannot exceed 10 mg/kg of in substances
- Sum of tetra-, penta-, hexa-, hepta- and decaBDE in mixtures and articles shall not exceed 500 mg/kg
- Not applicable to electrical and electronic products within the scope of the EU RoHS Directive 2011/65/EU and other specific products
- Newly added substance: Pentachlorophenol (PCP) and its salts and esters: the prohibition of PCP from substances, mixtures and articles that are placed on the market and consumed
|EXAMPLES OF POPS REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS|
|Short chain chlorinated paraffin (SCCP)||
||Leather, flame retardant, plasticizer, etc|
|Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid and its derivatives (PFOS)||
||Circuit boards, coatings, adhesives, paper, etc|
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