Turkey Issues Regulation on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are chemical substances that persist in the environment, bioaccumulate through the food web, and pose a risk of causing adverse effects to human health and the environment. In order to protect human health and the environment from the adverse effects of POPs, the EU incorporated the UN's Stockholm Convention on POPs into its legislation in 2004. This bans the intentional production, marketing and use of substances listed in the convention.
The Regulation on POPs – KOK in Turkish – was announced and published in the Official Gazette on 14 November and became immediately effective by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation (MoEU) announced. With a few exemptions, the Turkish POPs regulations impose the following prohibitions and restrictions on specific persistent pollutants, and require the Turkish Ministry of Environment and relevant authorities to take appropriate measures to ensure that the prohibition and restriction requirements are properly implemented:
- The substances listed in Appendix 1 are prohibited from being produced, sold and used in the form of the substance and its mixtures and articles
- The substances listed must meet the relevant restrictions set out in Appendix 2 upon their production, sales and usage in the form of the substance and its mixtures and articles
- The restrictions on items in the above provisions will come into force six months after the issuance of the Regulation (May 14th, 2019)
In addition, the Regulation requires the relevant departments to reduce emissions of substances in Appendix 3 and to manage waste containing substances in Appendix 4. Many of the provisions and substances of the regulation refer to the EU POPs Regulation (EC) No 850/2004).
However, compared to the EU POPs regulations, the regulation requires additional control requirements for dicofol, Decabromodiphenyl ether (DecaBDE), Pentachlorophenol (PCP) and its salts and esters.
Examples of POPs requirements related to electrical and electronic products
|Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD)||100 mg/kg > Substance, Mixture & Final Product||Flame Retardants|
|Short-chained chlorinated paraffins (SCCP)||
1% > Substance or Mixture; 0.15% > Final Product
|Leather, Flame Retardants, Plasticizers, etc|
|Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS)||10 mg/kg ≥ Substance or Mixture; 0.1% > Finished / Un-Finished Product; 1 μg/m2 > Coated Textiles or Materials||Circuit Boards, Coatings, Adhesives, Paper, etc|
|Hexachlorobutadiene||Prohibited||Solvents, Synthetic Rubber, etc|
|Polychlorinated Naphthalene (PCN)||Prohibited||Capacitors, additives, cable insulation and preservatives, etc.|
1. Remarks: For related exemptions and transition period, please refer to Appendix 2
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