Global RoHS Requirements for Electrical & Electronic Equipment
The Directive 2002/95/EC on the Restriction of the use of certain Hazardous Substances (RoHS) in electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) was first published in February 2003 by the European Union (EU) and took effect in July 2006. The goal was to reduce the content of hazardous substances in waste EEE and hence reduce the risks to human health and to the environment during waste disposal and recycling process.
It includes regulations to limit the presence of certain chemicals in electronic products or in the production processes. In 2011, the directive 2011/65/EU was published and re-casted the previous version. The updated directive is also known as RoHS 2.0 and the updates, which includes a broader product scope, mandatory CE marking requirements on EEE etc. In 2015, the commission delegated directive (EU) 2015/863 has been published and amended the restricted substance list of the original one (See Table 1).
Table 1. Restricted Substances in EU RoHS Directive 2011/65/EU and its amendments
|Chemical||6 Substances in Annex II of Directive 2011/65/EU||10 Substances in Annex of Directive (EU) 2015/863|
|Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB)||0.1%||0.1%|
|Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE)||0.1%||0.1%|
|Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)*||/||0.1%|
|Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP)*||/||0.1%|
|Dibutyl phthalate (DBP)*||/||0.1%|
|Diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP)*||/||0.1%|
Table 2. Categories of EEE covered by the Directive 2011/65/EU
|1||Large household appliances|
|2||Small household appliances|
|3||IT and telecommunications equipment|
|6||Electrical and electronic tools
|7||Toys, leisure and sports equipment
|9||Monitoring and control instruments including industrial monitoring and control instruments
|11||Other EEE not covered by any of the categories above
* Effective date for EEE in category 1-7, 10-11 is 22 July 2019;
Effective date for EEE in category 8-9 is 22 July 2021.
Table 3 displays a summary of RoHS regulations around the world. SGS is pleased to offer one-stop all-inclusive services to demonstrate compliance against RoHS regulations of different markets.
Table 3. Summary of some Worldwide RoHS-related Requirements.
|Country||Effective Date||Substances & Limit||Labels||Exemption|
|EU||July 21, 2011||6 substances in Annex II of Directive 2011/65/EU (10 substances in Annex of Directive 2015/863 after Jul 22,2019 for categories 1-7,10-11; Jul 22,2021 for categories 8-9)||Annex III and IV|
|China||July 1, 2016||6 substances same as Annex II of Directive 2011/65/EU||Still under consultation|
|UAE||Jan 1, 2018||6 substances same as Annex II of Directive 2011/65/EU (10 substances in Annex of Directive 2015/863 after Jan 1,2020 for categories 1-7,10; Jan 1 ,2022 for categories 8,9,11 and their cables and spare parts)||No marking or labelling requirements||Annex 3 and 4, similar to EU RoHS|
|Japan||July 1, 2016||6 substances same as Annex II of Directive 2011/65/EU||Annex B of JIS C 0950:2008|
|South Korea||Jan 1, 2008||6 substances same as Annex II of Directive 2011/65/EU||No marking or labelling requirements||Annex II|
|Turkey||June 2009||6 substances same as Annex II of Directive 2011/65/EU||No marking or labelling requirements||Annex 2B, similar to EU RoHS|
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