Skip to Menu Skip to Search Contact Us Hong-Kong Websites & Languages Skip to Content

As winter is approaching, everyone is eager to find an alternate and/or additional heat source.  How better to spend your TV night sitting on your sofa with a hot water bottle while having a cup of your favourite drink.

Hot water bottles are, in general, manufactured from either rubber or polyvinyl chloride (PVC).  Hot water bottles have been widely used in EU communities for many years and are easy to use for providing warmth, so they are particularly attractive for use by the elderly and infants due to the nature of the product.

The 2012 version of the British Standard BS 1970 supersedes the previous version of BS 1970:2006 and was published in December 2012 and came into effect on December 31st, 2012.

The aim of BS 1970:2012 is to provide the minimum specification for safe hot water bottles and, in doing so, prevent some of the injuries that might have been a consequence of unsafe products. This new edition incorporates technical change to the 2006 edition, which also covers the new products that were not reflected in the requirements of the previous edition. 

These changes include:

  • The additional requirement in clause 4.3 (Filling Characteristics) that the inside faces are not to stick or block together during the filling test
  • In clause 6.4.3 (Tensile tests for PVC hot water bottles), the reduction of the minimum elongation at break of PVC test pieces from 200% to 150%
  • Additional safety instructions in clause 8 (informative labelling) on labelling and information

Currently, all EU nations use this standard as a reference regarding its safety.  However, Australia had imposed a mandatory standard for hot water bottles (Consumer Product Safety Standard – Hot Water Bottles Regulations 2008).  This mandatory standard came into effect on June 1st, 2008 and all levels of business (manufacturers, importers, distributors & retailers) must comply with this standard before embarking on production, importation or distribution of these items.

tests required for aus marketclause
Physical Properties: Capacity & Thickness, Filling Characteristics 6,7,8
Stopper: Testing for separation of screw stopper 9,10
Performance: Leakage, Strength of Seams, Pressure Test 11,12,13
Labelling 14


For further information, please contact:

Mr. Kenji NG
t: + 852 2334 4481 ext. 1209 

Mr. Ronald TSE
t: +852 2334 4481 ext. 1813

Mr. Toby LEE
t: +852 2334 4481 ext. 1805

Get a Copy in PDF version: Safety Requirements for Hot Water Bottles

About SGS

SGS is the world’s leading inspection, verification, testing and certification company. SGS is recognized as the global benchmark for quality and integrity. With more than 75,000 employees, SGS operates a network of over 1,500 offices and laboratories around the world.