Sustainable Development Biodegradation
With more and more plastics being employed in human lives e.g. shopping bag, furniture, electrical & electronic appliance, etc. However, conventional plastic products take longer than hundred years to degrade, the disposal of the plastic material is becoming a serious problem.
The public’s awareness of the environment and sustainable development are growing, especially with the support of authorities, exposure from the media, and the persistent campaigns of concerned environmental groups. In addition to product safety, consumers are now looking for “green” products as well.
The increase in public environmental awareness has brought about the emergence of claimed “degradable” containers and bags in the market. Biodegradable plastics are now emerging as one of the options available to solve such environmental problems. European directive 94/62/CE seeks to reduce the polluting effects of packaging on the environment.
Several worldwide organizations are also involved in setting standards for biodegradable and compostable plastics, including, American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), European Committee for Standardization (CEN), International Standards Organization (ISO), German Institute for Standardization (DIN), Japanese Institute for Standardization (JIS), and British Plastics Federation. The standards from these organizations have helped the industry create biodegradable and compostable products that meet the increasing worldwide demand for more environmentally friendly plastics.
There are two well known compostable plastics standards, ASTM D6400 and EN 13432, help of a certification program in US and European. ASTM D6400 and EN 13432 are a guide for assessing the compostability of environmentally degradable plastics in conjunction with ASTM D5338 and ISO 14855 respectively to determine aerobic biodegradation under controlled composting conditions.
SGS can help test for biodegradability by ASTM D5338 and ISO 14855 to show that a product is biodegradable. Contact us now for more detail.
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